Fundamental Duties under the Indian Constitution


Since time immemorial the emphasis in Indian society following the dictates of the historical scriptures were at the individual’s kartavya, this is the overall performance of one’s responsibilities closer to society, our nation, and especially closer to one’s mother and father

The Bhagavad Gita, Ramayana, the Quran, the Bible as well as other religious texts and doctrines enjoin human beings to carry out their responsibilities without worrying for his or her rights (or fruits).

Mahatma Gandhi aptly stated that:

"The true source of right is duty. If we all discharge our duties, rights will not be far to seek. Rights accrue automatically to him who performs his duties. The right to perform one’s duties is the only right worth living for and dying for. It covers all legitimate rights."

The regulation and its restrictive cycles suggest a person, approximately about his privileges and duties as a unit of the overall public. Right is a hobby diagnosed and guarded through a rule or justice while responsibility is a compulsory act.

Rights and responsibilities are co-relative and consequently no proper can exist without a co-relative responsibility. The Constitution of India ensures Fundamental Rights for the human beings of India below Part III (Article 12 to 35) of the Constitution.

The composers accompanied the American version in embracing and becoming a member of those simple rights within side the Constitution.

These are sure simple, natural, and inalienable rights. These were mentioned as essential rights all collectively that human freedom is probably stored human individual created and an effective pal and recognition primarily based totally lifestyles advanced.

Part IV (Article 36 to 51) titled Directive Principles of State Policy carries the directives and responsibilities for the State. The thought for inclusive of withinside the Constitution such Principles is drawn from the Constitution of Ireland, 1937.

These component units forth the beliefs and goals to be accomplished through the State for putting in in India asocial welfare kingdom as prominent from a trifling police kingdom, which ambitions at social welfare and the not unusual place appropriate and to steady to all its residents justice-social and economic.


But the framers of the Constitution did now no longer claim any essential responsibilities of the residents. However, Part IV-A (Article 51-A), which includes the Fundamental Duties of the Citizens of India, changed into introduced withinside the Constitution through the Constitution 42nd (Amendment) Act, 1976.

Fundamental Duties much like the Directive Principles are considered as obligations and responsibilities that are bestowed upon the citizens but are not legally enforced by law. Since the creation of rights must necessarily accompany the creation of duties, which were heralded by the 42nd Constitution Amendment of 1976.

This was necessary because for any successful democracy rights and duties are an essential part of the democratic structure.

Fundamental Duties

These responsibilities were introduced to put in force the pointers of the Swaran Singh Committee pronounced in 1976. None of the Constitutions of the Western international locations, in particular, affords the responsibilities of the residents. On the alternative hand, the Constitutions of socialist international locations lay incredible emphasis on the responsibilities.


Part IV-A (Article 51-A) of the Constitution provides the following fundamental duties of every citizen, which were added by the 42nd Amendment of the Constitution of India in 1976 :

(a) To abide by the